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Spectrum

There is a growing acknowledgement that traditional spectrum policy of direct and specific allocation may not be not the right way to deal with inevitable increased demand. Various solutions range from sharing spectrum bands to developing secondary markets and providing incentives to non-market users for better usage of this scarce resource. Regulators and policy makers face the challenge of balancing innovation and investment with regulation.


Key speakers on Spectrum

Adriana Labardini Inzunza

Adriana Labardini Inzunza

André Merigoux

André Merigoux

Carl Povelites

Carl Povelites

Charley Lewis

Charley Lewis

Chris Evans

Chris Evans

Cletus Bertin (Dr)

Cletus Bertin (Dr)

Talks on Spectrum

  • Q&A with Mohammed Ali Al-Mannai

    Q&A with Mohammed Ali Al-Mannai
    President, Communications Regulatory Authority of Qatar (CRA) Read

More InterMedia articles on Spectrum

  • A TMT Agenda

    H Sama Nwana makes a passionate case for promoting TMT and not just telecoms in Africa – a case that could benefit all developing nations.
    June 2015, Volume 43 Issue 02

  • Gearing up for Regulation 2.0

    Georg Serentschy develops the regulatory picture in Europe and argues for a much more ambitious agenda for investment.
    March 2015, Volume 43 Issue 01

  • Q&A Ulf Pehrsson

    With ulf pehrsson, Ericsson's head of government and industry relations
    April 2016, Volume 44 Issue 01

  • Making Access Universal

    Universal access and service programmes are vital to extending broadband to all parts of a country. Antonio GarcIa Zaballos discusses the findings of a comparative report.
    June 2015, Volume 43 Issue 02

  • The agenda for spectrum

    Martin Cave and William Webb, authors of a new book on spectrum management, set out trends in usage and an agenda to improve spectrum use

    April 2016, Volume 44 Issue 01

  • Dark Clouds?

    Are regulations being applied to cloud computing in a way that stimulates innovation, asks Kuan Hon.
    January 2016, Volume 43 Issue 04

  • Public Interest Test

    Continuing our coverage of spectrum auctions, Stefan Zehle explores further the pitfalls and implications for the public purse, drawing on key examples from the past decade.
    March 2015, Volume 43 Issue 01

  • Shedding Light on 5G Policy

    In part two of his discussion of the ‘myth of 5G’, WILLIAM WEBB examines regulatory factors, spectrum issues and whether fixed-wireless access will be more than a promise - plus scenarios for the next few years

    July 2017, Volume 45 Issue 2

  • Africa's Digital Future

    Digital transformation poses great challenges for developing inclusive, affordable services for all Africans - with regulators now under considerable pressure, reports RUSSELL SOUTHWOOD.

    July 2017, Volume 45 Issue 2

  • Business as usual? Not any more!

    The US FCC is proposing a new name and a new regulatory framework for ‘special access’ services, as JONATHAN JACOB NADLER explains.
    October 2016, Volume 44 Issue 03

     

  • Facilitating Innovation

    We shouldn’t be complacent that the regulatory approaches of today will be enough to support innovators in the era of the internet of things, says JEREMY GODFREY.

    January 2017, Volume 44 Issue 4

  • Pricing and Policy in a 5G World

    In future, the revenue per MHz of spectrum used will decline dramatically as we move to 5G, writes STEFAN ZEHLE.

    July 2017, Volume 45 Issue 2

  • Radio Crossroads

    Richard Womersley sets the scene for the upcoming world radio conference, where the agenda for mobile spectrum is likely to dominate proceedings.
    September 2015, Volume 43 Issue 03

  • Spectrum Analyser

    A comprehensive book on spectrum policy is reviewed by marc  beishon. The key theme is liberalisation and its limitations and future.
    January 2016, Volume 43 Issue 04

  • Spectrum Clash

    The pressure on terrestrial broadcasters to give spectrum to the mobile sector shows no sign of letting up. Roland Beutler, at Germany's Südwestrundfunk, a regional public broadcaster, puts his side of the debate.
    September 2015, Volume 43 Issue 03

  • Taking Stock of 5G

    The hype about the next generation of mobile technology is likely to gather pace in the next few years, but currently there is a lot of scepticism about whether it qualifies as an integrated, great leap in progress, as Marc Beishon finds in this round-up
    July 2016, Volume 44 Issue 02

  • Taking the Wi-Fi Route

    Most of the visions for 5G are not based on what we really need, says WILLIAM WEBB. Here he examines what problems we are trying to solve and why Wi-Fi is as important as cellular networks.

    April 2017, Volume 45 Issue 1

  • The Agenda for Europe

    GEORG SERENTSCHY sets out the agenda for Europe in 2017, which looks likely to be critical in developing aspirations for the digital single market.

    January 2017, Volume 44 Issue 4

  • TV in a mobile world

    Can broadcasting make the step into an increasingly mobile world? Roland Beutler discusses technology and business models in the context of public service remits, mobile network operators and the new world of 5G.
    October 2016, Volume 44 Issue 03

Regulatory Watch articles on Spectrum

  • FCC enacts next-gen network reforms; announces millimetre wave spectrum

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has enacted reforms that it says will better enable providers to invest in next-generation networks. The FCC is also seeking comment on additional reforms, including how the FCC can expedite rebuilding and repairing broadband infrastructure after natural disasters.

  • Poland allows wireless testbed

    The Polish senate has passed a law allowing the country’s mobile operators to test new wireless technologies without incurring frequency utilisation fees, notes TeleGeography.

  • Telcos battle carmakers over communications approach

    A fierce debate has gripped Europe’s automobile industry that will shape the future of all cars sold across the region: how to get internet-connected vehicles to “talk” to each other while travelling on the road, reports the Financial Times.

  • European operators warn of risks to infrastructure under reform plans

    ETNO, the European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association, has issued a strong warning about the direction of the European Electronic Communications Code. It says it is “no ordinary legislation. This is a once-in-a-decade opportunity to unlock investment in world-class infrastructure, which is the core of a successful society and economy.

  • Estonian presidency pushes ahead with European reform

    The European Council has granted the Estonian presidency a mandate to begin negotiations with the European Parliament on the new European Electronic Communications Code. “Our future is digital, and these rules are key to creating a gigabit society throughout the EU,” said Urve Palo, Estonia's Minister for Entrepreneurship and Information Technology.

  • Spectrum assignment report issued by European Commission

    A report for DG Connect at the European Commission examines the approaches used by member states for authorising and assigning spectrum with a view to determining which methods might be most appropriate in the context of future 5G services.

  • EU member states reject extending spectrum licence terms

    EU member states have rejected a European Commission proposal to extend licences for wireless radio spectrum to last at least 25 years – one of the cornerstones of the EU executive’s new attempt to overhaul telecoms law, reports Euractiv.

  • OECD reports on Mexico’s telecoms reform

    Mexico’s 2013 telecom reform has brought benefits, spurring competition that has increased access and brought down mobile internet costs from among the highest in advanced economies to among the lowest, according to the OECD Telecommunication and Broadcasting Review of Mexico 2017.

  • Swiss government upgrades its telecoms act

    The Swiss Federal Council has adopted a partial revision of the Telecommunications Act (TCA), and the draft legislation will now be dealt with by parliament. The revision covers broadband services that are replacing traditional telecoms services and gives greater weight to consumer concerns,...

  • New Zealand introduces updated telecoms act

    New Zealand’s Communications Minister Simon Bridges has introduced a bill to update the country’s telecoms act with a focus on increasing regulatory oversight and improving service quality, reports Mobile World Live.

  • Australia tunes up for 5G

    The Australian Communications and Media Authority has used a “spectrum tune-up” meeting to propose an accelerated process for considering releases in the millimetre wave spectrum for 5G broadband, and has released a consultation paper on the topic.

  • Ofcom to auction two spectrum bands this year

    Ofcom, the UK regulator, is to auction licences to use 190 MHz of spectrum in two frequency bands, increasing the airwaves available for mobile devices by almost one third. It intends to auction 40 MHz of spectrum in the 2.3 GHz band, which is already supported by mobile devices from manufacturers such as Apple and Samsung.

  • Guyana monitors spectrum and gears up for new regulator

    Guyana’s National Frequency Management Unit (NFMU) has switched on three spectrum monitoring stations that will allow the regulator to determine whether spectrum is being used illegally as well as detect and monitor licensed spectrum,...

  • European interest groups continue to lobby the Commission on new code

    ETNO, the European Telecommunications Network Operators Association, and others including GSMA Europe, have issued a joint statement on “saving Europe’s 5G ambition”, urging lawmakers to put 5G at the heart of telecoms reforms.

  • Mozambique monitors spectrum; tie ups between African regulators

    Mozambique’s communications regulator, Instituto Nacional das Comunicações de Moçambique (INCM), has installed its radio spectrum management and monitoring system (SIGMER) in a fourth province, almost a year after it announced plans for a nationwide rollout of the system, reports IT Web Africa.

  • Rail industry aims to fight for its spectrum

    At the UIC World Conference on Rail Transport Telecoms, European rail bodies have stressed that the industry will need to make a clear and robust case for its future radio spectrum requirements as it works to develop a successor to GSM-R, reports Rail Journal.

  • Call for Australia’s ACMA to have resources to handle spectrum reform

    Australia’s opposition Labor party has said the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) must be properly resourced to carry out the spectrum reform agenda, pointing towards the lack of preparatory work mentioned in the 2017/18 federal budget, reports ZDNet.

  • Germany’s regulator steps up pressure on ISP performance

    German regulator, Bundesnetzagentur (Federal Network Agency), has outlined plans to hold ISPs accountable for when customers should be compensated for not receiving promised broadband speeds, reports Telecoms.com.

  • US incentive auction results

    T-Mobile, Dish Network, Comcast and AT&T were among the biggest winners of the FCC’s historic incentive auction of wireless airwaves, reports the Washington Post.

  • Thailand looks at unifying telecoms and broadcasting

    Thailand’s telecoms regulator is floating the idea of revamping the regulatory framework governing the provisions of telecoms and broadcasting services in Thailand with a unified licensing regime, notes the Bangkok Post.

  • UK’s Ofcom could allow in-house mobile repeaters

    UK regulator, Ofcom, is consulting on proposals to allow consumers to operate two categories of mobile phone repeaters on a licence-exempt basis...

  • Reports on 5G multiply

    A number of new reports on 5G have been released, indicating an uptick in the need for strategies for mobile technology. The Centre on Regulation in Europe (CERRE), in ‘Towards the successful deployment of 5G in Europe: What are the necessary policy and regulatory conditions?’, describes two extreme images of possible futures of 5G...

  • New regulatory regime shapes up at the FCC

    The direction of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is becoming clear under its new chairman, Ajit Pai. In short, there looks to be a big move to deregulation, and already one major plank of the Obama administration has been halted before coming into force.

  • India fast-tracking spectrum policy

    The Indian government has announced that it is fast-tracking a policy on the usage of high frequency spectrum bands to ensure that the regulations are in place in time for the nation’s operators to use the airwaves for 5G technology, writes TeleGeography.

  • FCC chair calls for ‘regulatory humility’

    Ajit Pai, chairman of the FC, has called for a greater degree of “regulatory humility” to open the door to greater investment in 5G and fibre networks, reports the Financial Times.

  • UK releases digital and 5G strategies

    The UK government has published its latest digital strategy, outlining its plans for stimulating an inclusive digital economy and announcing a planned investment of over £1 billion for accelerating the development of next generation digital infrastructure,...

  • BEREC head warns that Europe’s framework lacks ‘agility and certainty’

    Sébastien Soriano, head of French regulator, Arcep, and current of the European regulators body, BEREC, took time at the recent Mobile World Congress to express BEREC’s views on the ongoing review of the regulatory framework and to share BEREC’s commitment to facilitate the implementation of European digital policy,...

  • Europe signs off on UHF band for mobile

    The European Parliament has approved plans for coordination of the 700 MHz band for wireless broadband services across the EU by 2020, notes Mobile World Live. The vote covers the use of the UHF (470MHz to 790MHz) band across the economic bloc...

  • Mobile concerns and more in the Czech Republic

    Czech political parties have agreed to fast-track a new telecoms bill before elections in October that could reduce mobile phone bills for consumers, Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka has said, as reported by Reuters.

  • India consults on mergers; disagrees on industry ‘health’

    The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India is seeking views from stakeholders on identifying obstacles in the current regulations hindering mergers and acquisitions in the telecoms sector, along with those complicating allotment, sharing and trading of airwaves, reports the Economic Times.

  • South Africa’s ISP concerns; proposal on IT white paper

    The Internet Service Providers’ Association (Ispa), a body that represents many of South Africa’s ISPs, has accused communications regulator Icasa of ignoring a policy directive from telecommunications and postal services minister Siyabonga Cwele over competition in broadband, reports TechCentral.

  • Germany aims to boost gigabit internet

    Germany’s federal government plans to help invest 100 billion euro over eight years to roll-out gigabit internet across Germany, reports Deutsche Welle.

  • Slovakia cuts fees to boost investment in ‘white spots’

    Slovak regulator, RU, is decreasing by 75% the fee for using radio frequencies in municipalities designated as white spots within its broadband programme, notes Telecompaper. “An operator which decides to cover such a municipality will save on costs associated with operation of a transmitter.

  • Ex-FCC head speaks on regulatory affairs

    In an interview in Marketplace, the recent FCC chair, Tom Wheeler, was asked about regulations he created. Says Wheeler: “Well, I think it's really important that we have protected a fast, fair, and open internet. And the question now becomes: how will the new administration respond to that? Will they say, ‘OK,..."

  • Transferring government services to 4G

    Elisa and Nokia are the first in the Nordics to test the prioritisation of government services in a commercial 4G network. The test simulated the functionality of critical communication services of public authorities during mobile network congestion.

  • India recommends infrastructure sharing

    The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has recommended it should be mandatory for telecoms operators and tower firms to share in-building infrastructure in residential and commercial complexes and large public places like malls, hotels and airports...

  • Iran sets out new plan for telecoms

    The obligations of Iran’s ministry of communications and information technology have been set out as part of a five-year economic, social and cultural development plan (2016-2021), reports the Financial Tribune, an Iranian economic newspaper.

  • US incentive auction enters final stage

    The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has said its incentive auction to repurpose broadcast spectrum for mobile operators is entering its closing stages, with minimum bid requirements met, notes Mobile World Live.

  • UK body urges competitive mobile landscape

    Make The Air Fair, an initiative established to urge UK regulator Ofcom to curb BT’s dominance of the mobile industry, has received support from more than 100,000 people for a proposed cap on the amount of spectrum operators can own, repots Mobile World Live.

  • Argentina targets convergence in telecoms market

    Argentina’s National Entity for Communications (ENACOM) has signed a decree that establishes guidelines aimed at improving convergence within the Argentinian telecoms market,...

  • Nigeria shapes up for spectrum trading

    The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has commenced moves to develop a clear-cut framework and guidelines that will usher in a secondary market for spectrum trading in the country, Today.ng reports.

  • GSMA makes detailed response to Europe’s draft communications code

    Mobile body, the GSMA, has published a position paper on the European Commission’s reform proposals set out in the draft Electronic Communications Code. The report stresses overall support for the Commission’s intent and focus, while proposing improvements in certain key areas.

  • Germany plans ‘gigabit society’ infrastructure

    The German government has laid out a plan to roll out infrastructure for 1 Gbps download speeds in the country by 2025, reports Telecompaper.

  • PTS discontinues auction of the 700 MHz band

    The Swedish government has decided that the 694-790 MHz frequency band should be available for terrestrial television broadcasting subject to a permit obligation up to and including 31 May 2018, which revokes the decision made by the government in 2014 to release the space for other use.

  • GSMA makes policy recommendations on 5G

    Mobile industry body, the GSMA, has called on governments and regulators to commit to supporting the needs of 5G in the lead-up to the World Radiocommunication Conference in 2019 (WRC-19). “Although the mobile industry, academic institutions and international standards-making bodies are developing the technologies central to 5G, success will depend heavily on affordable access to the necessary amount of spectrum,” says John Giusti, chief regulatory officer, GSMA.

  • Two mobile operators vie to be become Singapore’s number four

    Singapore fibre start-up MyRepublic and Australian telco TPG Telecom have been given the nod to proceed to the auction phase of the upcoming race to become Singapore’s fourth mobile network operator (MNO), reports TeleGeography.

  • South Africa’s ICT paper makes waves with national wireless infrastructure plan

    The South African government has approved its ICT Policy white paper, which has been in development since 2012, with the document outlining the establishment of a wireless open access network (OAN), reports TeleGeography.

  • Much to digest in Europe’s telecoms reform

    The European Commission’s substantive review and recasting of telecoms regulation, announced in September, is still being digested. Law firm Latham & Watkins has one of the best digests on the web. As the authors say: “The new regulations are meant to support several of the Commission’s far-reaching strategic connectivity objectives...

  • WiFi and LTE agree to move ahead without regulation

    A ‘minor miracle’ occurred recently when the Wifi Alliance announced a testing plan for coexistence between WiFi and LTE over unlicensed spectrum, writes Roslyn Layton in Forbes. “The episode illustrates that competing parties can find a mutual agreement without litigation or regulation, even in instances of sharing fiercely loved resources such as unlicensed spectrum.

  • US issue proposed rules on business data services

    The US FCC has issued proposed rules on business data services (BDS), sometimes referred to as ‘special access’, which are enterprise data services that are a fundamental part of the US economy.

  • Much to digest in Europe’s telecoms reform (Copy)

    The European Commission’s substantive review and recasting of telecoms regulation, announced in September, is still being digested. Law firm Latham & Watkins has one of the best digests on the web. As the authors say: “The new regulations are meant to support several of the Commission’s far-reaching strategic connectivity objectives...

  • Much to digest in Europe’s telecoms reform (Copy) (Copy)

    The European Commission’s substantive review and recasting of telecoms regulation, announced in September, is still being digested. Law firm Latham & Watkins has one of the best digests on the web. As the authors say: “The new regulations are meant to support several of the Commission’s far-reaching strategic connectivity objectives...

  • IoT gets news standards release

    The potential of the internet of things (IoT) is said to have ‘advanced significantly’ as oneM2M, the global standards initiative for machine-to-machine (M2M) communications and the IoT, has published a new set of specifications, Release 2.

  • FCC first to open up high frequencies

    The FCC has adopted new rules for wireless broadband operations in frequencies above 24 GHz, making the US the first country to make this spectrum available for next generation wireless services. The rules open up nearly 11 GHz of high-frequency spectrum for flexible, mobile and fixed use wireless broadband

  • Spectrum order in the Philippines

    The chief of the new Philippines Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) has ordered the inventory of used and unused telecoms spectrum, reports Telecom Asia.

  • Much to digest in Europe’s telecoms reform

    The European Commission’s substantive review and recasting of telecoms regulation, announced in September, is still being digested. Law firm Latham & Watkins has one of the best digests on the web.

  • 5G consultation opened in Europe

    The European Commission has opened a consultation on a coordinated introduction of 5G networks in Europe.

  • South Africa plans to double mobile broadband coverage

    Reuters reports that South Africa aims to double its mobile broadband coverage to 80% of the population by 2019, according to the country's telecoms minister, who added that the government wants to reduce the high cost of communications.

  • Portugal enforces mobile coverage conditions

    In a decision of 7 April 2016, Portuguese telecoms regulator Anacom rejected full-service operator Nos's appeal against the watchdog's previous decision of 10 March 2016, which effectively brought into force the full gamut of 4G service coverage obligations for all holders of 800 MHz mobile licences auctioned in December 2011, reports TeleGeography.

  • French regulator’s spectrum plans

    After assigning the 700 MHz band in 2015, France's regulator, Arcep, is working on more frequency allocations for the next two years.

  • ITU updates regulatory report

    The latest edition of ITU's annual global ICT regulatory report, Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2016, "charts and analyses the challenges and opportunities facing today's ICT regulators as services proliferate, platforms converge and network operators ready their infrastructure for the next round of data-intensive technologies, from 5G mobile to the internet of things (IoT)".

  • IoT: few special needs

    BEREC, the body of European regulators, has published a report, 'Enabling the internet of things', in view of the European digital single market review.

  • Norway’s ‘e-coms’ plan

    Norway's transport and communications minister, Ketil Solvik-Olsen, says a document has been drawn up concerning the development of electronic communications infrastructure, with the aim of ensuring digital employment in Norway.

  • Sweden’s low prices; market day in April

    Swedish postal and telecoms regulator, PTS, has reported that the prices in Sweden for telephony and broadband are low compared with the rest of the world.

  • South Korean operators baulk at high spectrum prices

    South Korea’s three mobile network operators – SK Telecom, KT Corp and LG Uplus – are said to be forming a silent alliance in response to the government’s decision to set the largest-ever reserve price for the spectrum auction due to be conducted next month, reports TeleGeography.

  • Australia’s mobile broadband strategy

    Australia’s regulator, the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA), has outlined its strategy for addressing the growth in mobile broadband capacity and an associated work plan.

  • Chile says no to ‘4.5G’

    Chile’s undersecretary of telecommunications, Pedro Huichalaf, has announced that operators will not be permitted to use the term ‘4.5G’ to describe the evolutions of LTE technology currently being rolled out, describing the early use of the term as “an excess of commercial enthusiasm”.

  • ITU and Cisco issue IoT report

    A report from the ITU and Cisco identifies the internet of things (IoT) as a major global development opportunity that has the potential to improve the lives of millions and dramatically accelerate progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

  • World radio conference decisions so far

    Spectrum needed for the operation of short-range high-resolution automotive radar has been allocated in the 79 GHz frequency band at the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-15), currently meeting in Geneva from 2 to 27 November.

  • Spectrum Auction Update

    NBTC moved the 900 MHz auction from November to December while keeping the 1800 MHz auction schedule.

  • FCC announces incentive auction bid prices

    The FCC has released a list of final opening bid prices for broadcasters for next year's incentive auction of 600 MHz spectrum, and said the top opening bid price in the reverse part of the auction, where broadcasters will sell spectrum to the FCC, will be for a station in the New York City metropolitan area at $900 million, reports Fierce Wireless.

  • French law gives operator sharing power to regulator

    France’s ‘La loi Macron’, an act on growth, business and equal economic opportunity, of 7 August 2015, gave ARCEP, the country’s communications regulator, a new power ...

  • Two spectrum books

    There are two new books on spectrum that should appeal to policymakers and regulators.

  • GSMA pushes for mobile spectrum

    John Giusti, deputy chief regulatory officer at mobile operator group GSMA, has commented on the outcome of the final meeting of the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity’s Conference Preparatory Group (APG)

  • Microsoft extends white spaces pilot to India

    Microsoft is working with the Andhra Pradesh government in India on a TV white spaces project, the technology that uses unused TV spectrum to deliver low-cost internet connectivity, notes NDTV.

  • India approves spectrum sharing

    India has approved regulations allowing operators to share spectrum, reports Telecom Asia, but “while the development has been welcomed by India's mobile industry, the terms and conditions – including proposed extra charges – have not gone over so well”.

  • Low power IoT project up and running

    The GSMA has announced its Mobile IoT initiative, a project backed by 26 of the world’s leading mobile operators, OEMs, chipset, module and infrastructure companies, designed to address the use of low power wide area (LPWA) solutions in licensed spectrum.

  • FCC offers spectrum help to small businesses

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has adopted an order that aims to help small businesses participate in spectrum auctions and the wireless marketplace.

  • Singapore proposes spectrum for new entrants

    Singapore's telecoms regulator (IDA) has proposed setting aside 60 MHz out of a total of 225 MHz of new spectrum at a lower reserve price in a separate auction to be open only to new entrants, reports Mobile World Live.

  • ITU publishes latest telecoms trends report

    The ITU has released the latest edition of Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2015, its report on global ICT regulatory developments. It "reveals a fast-evolving ICT landscape, as devices and services proliferate, broadband connectivity becomes increasingly pervasive, and the hyper-connected world of the internet of everything starts to become a reality".

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