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9th - 10th October 2017

Rethinking the Public Policy Justifications for Regulation

Communications Policy & Regulation Week, International Regulators’ Forum
Hosted by the Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications

Leaders from communications regulators came together in Brussels to explore the future of regulation with their peers from around the world. As ever, the mood was collegiate and discursive, and regulators report that they relish having their thinking challenged and/or validated by the contributions of their fellow participants.

Delegates enjoyed the hospitality of the Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications who hosted the meeting and the Regulators’ dinner at Aux Armes de Bruxelles.

IRF Brussels 2017 Summary Report

On the 9th and 10th of October 2017 regulators from over 35 economies from throughout the world met in the main conference room at the Belgian Institute for Postal services and Telecommunications (BIPT) in Brussels, Belgium to address and discuss a wide range of topics impacting the TMT sphere. The overarching theme was to rethink regulation with an eye for justifying the role of regulation.

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International Regulators Forum Speakers

Adriana Labardini ICT Regulation Consultant; Director, International Institute of Communications

Adriana Labardini Inzunza is currently an independent public interest lawyer and consumer rights expert, she has always acted afar from political, partisan and corporate interests and has fought to deter anticompetitive practices and eliminate barriers to competition. She has promoted initiatives to bridge the digital divide, promote rural and indigenous connectivity and media, at the same time as she has insisted to embed innovation in the agency, build consumer empowerment tools, work permanently towards gender equality and effective implementation and enforcement of regulation.

Ms Labardini served as Secretary of the Board of COFETEL, the former, telecommunications agency (1999-2003); practiced law in a major law firm, specialising in the areas of corporate, administrative and telecommunications law (1986- 1998). Upon her return to Mexico after completing the H. Humphrey Fellowship in North Carolina, UNC and Duke (2003-2004), she co-founded Alconsumidor, a nonprofit watchdog, pioneer in advocating for consumer rights and consumer class actions, a project that ended in a constitutional and legal reform.

Ms Labardini is a Fulbright scholar and a Hubert Humphrey and Ashoka Fellow. She is a professor at the Escuela Libre de Derecho LLM program in Mexico City and has lectured at CIDE, UNAM, ITAM, ITESM, UP as visiting professor.

She obtained her law degree cum laude from Escuela Libre de Derecho in Mexico City in 1987 and her Masters degree (LLM) from Columbia University in New York, on a Fulbright scholar in 1991. For four and a half years she has served as Commissioner at the Federal Institute of Telecommunications (IFT), the Mexican independent regulatory body and competition authority for telecommunications and broadcasting industries. She also chaired the IFT for an interim term in the fall of 2017. Her tenure ended on February 28th, 2018.

In such capacity she has successfully led efforts to create a research center within IFT, strengthen regional and international relations among regulators, such as FCC, CRTC, and through Regulatel, BEREC and IIC; she has fought for pluralism in media, truly independent public media as well as initiatives for inclusion & accessibility and innovating the regulator. During the first two years of her tenure, she was the Commissioner in charge of transparency and access to public information at IFT and a member of the Ethics Committee.

Alee Fa’amoe Independent Consultant; Former Deputy CEO & Executive Director, OfReg, Cayman Islands

Alee Fa’amoe is an independent consultant.  He was the Deputy CEO and Executive Director ICT for OfReg, the newly formed (January 2017) converged utilities regulator overseeing ICT, fuels, electricity, and water industries in the Cayman Islands until August 2020.

Mr Fa’amoe has a broad background in technology, operations, and management and has spent 20 years in the telecommunications industry, working as an industry expert on telephone numbering and network operations. He spent several years at Deloitte Cayman as Chief Operating Officer where he was responsible for HR, marketing, IT, operations, and finance departments. He also served as a subject matter expert on client consulting engagements, and worked with Deloitte offices in several Caribbean locations with operational matters.

Mr Fa’amoe was previously appointed Managing Director of the Information and Communications Technology Authority (ICTA) in 2013, which has since become part of OfReg.

Anthony Clayton (Prof) Chairman, Broadcasting Commission Jamaica (SNRF)

Professor Anthony Clayton is Chairman of the Broadcasting Commission Jamaica and has over thirty years of international experience in policy development in national security and policing, energy security, environment and resources; futures studies and scenario planning.

Professor Anthony Clayton is also the Alcan Professor of Caribbean Sustainable Development at the University of the West Indies, Visiting Professor in the School of Engineering at the University of Surrey, and Affiliated Scholar at the Institute for Public Policy at Florida International University.

He is a former Visiting Professor at the Institute for Studies of Science, Technology and Innovation at the University of Edinburgh, Adjunct Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development at the University of Technology, and International Associate in the School of Management at the University of St Andrews. He is a Fellow of the Caribbean Academy of Sciences, Fellow of the World Academy of Sciences, and holds the Order of Distinction in the Rank of Commander.

Antonio Nicita (Dr) Professor of Economic Policy, Lumsa University

Antonio Nicita is a Professor  of Economic Policy at Lumsa University, Italy.

Dr Nicita was previously Commissioner of the Italian regulatory authority (AGCOM) until October 2020.  He has also been Associate Professor of Economic Policy at the University of Siena and Visiting Fulbright Professor at Yale University. From 2005-06 he was a Non- Governmental Adviser to the International Competition Network (ICN) for the report on telecommunications sector. From 2006-07 he was an economic adviser to the Italian Minister of Communications and member of the Governmental Unit for the Improvement of Regulation. He was Economic Adviser for the 2009 OECD Regulatory Report on Italy.

Dr  Nicita is on the Board of Directors of the Italian Society of Law and Economics, European Association of Law and Economics and of the International Society for New Institutional Economics (ISNIE).

He holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Siena, Italy. His research interests cover industrial organisation, law and economics, competition economics and regulation.

Axel Desmedt Member of the Council, Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications (BIPT)

Axel Desmedt heads the Legal Department, the Human Resources Department and the Telecoms Market & Media Department at BIPT. Mr Desmedt has been a Member of the BIPT Council since 2009, managing several services. In January 2017 he was nominated once more as a Member of the Council.

Between 1997 and 2006, Mr Desmedt joined the Brussels Bar as a lawyer, working respectively for the law firms Stibbe (at the EU/WTO Department) and WilmerHale (in the Competition, Trade and Communications Departments). In that capacity his tasks included the representation of clients from the postal and telecommunications sectors. From 2006 until 2009 he worked for the International group France Telecom/Orange in the Global Roaming & International Interconnection Department, and as Deputy Director of the Permanent Representation to the EU at France Telecom/Orange, respectively.

Mr Desmedt co-founded the magazine on network industry legislation for which he holds a position on the editorial team and he is a visiting lecturer at UCL as well.

Mr Desmedt holds a Master’s degree in Law from the Free University of Brussels (1997) as well as an LLM degree from the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, USA) where he specialised in international trade law.

Botlenyana Mokhele Councillor, Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA)

Botlenyana Mokhele has a wealth of experience in broadcasting media policy and regulation from a career spanning over two decades. Prior to being appointed to the Council of the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA), she was a Principal Consultant at Pygma Consulting based in Johannesburg, South Africa. Before becoming a consultant, Ms Mokhele served in a number of senior positions at the Department of Communications (DoC), including that of the Chief Director 2010 Broadcasting, responsible for implementation of the South African Government’s ICT Guarantees for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Prior to this she served as Deputy Executive Director of the National Association of Broadcasters and Manager at Broadcasting Policy Research and Development at ICASA. During her tenure in both positions, Ms Mokhele contributed towards broadcasting policy and ICT legislative processes in South Africa, and served on the country’s Digital Migration Working Group.

Ms Mokhele has a Master’s in Public Policy from the University of the Witwatersrand. She has Honours in counselling psychology from the University of South Africa (UNISA), a Postgraduate Diploma in information policy from UNISA, a Postgraduate Diploma in telecommunication studies from the Cable and Wireless College and an Advanced Project Management Diploma from Damelin College.

Ms Mokhele passed away in September 2020.

Chris Chapman President, International Institute of Communications; Chairman, Nihilent Australia Pty Limited

Chris Chapman was appointed President of the International Institute of Communications on 1 April 2016.

Mr Chapman previously held the position of Chairman and CEO of the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA). He was appointed in February 2006 and was re-appointed for a 2nd five year term in October 2010 until April 2016. He was appointed an Associate Member of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission in September 2007.

Mr Chapman is a seasoned executive with experience in the media, broadcasting and film, internet, telecommunications, sports rights and infrastructure development worlds.

Before joining ACMA, Mr Chapman held a number of senior management positions with the Seven Network, Stadium Australia Management, Optus and Babcock & Brown. He has also been the Chairman of Film Australia and Sports Vision Australia, and a previous member of the National Film and Sound Archives’ Advisory Council.

Mr Chapman has a Bachelor of Laws and a Bachelor of Commerce from the University of New South Wales and has completed the Harvard Business School AMP program.

Christine Arida Executive Director, Telecom Planning and Services, National Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (NTRA) Egypt

Christine Arida is executive director for Telecom Services and Planning at NTRA, Egypt. She has been working for the government of Egypt for 25 years, in areas of Internet development and related public policies. During her work at NTRA she has lead the drafting of Egypt’s National Broadband Plan “eMisr” in 2011, and has participated in establishing the “DNS Entrepreneurship Center for Africa and the Middle East” in 2014. From 2001 to 2006 she has worked for the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, where she participated in drafting “Egypt’s Telecommunication Master Plan” in 2004. Ms Arida started her career at the Cabinet’s Information and Decision Support Center, where she worked on introducing internet services in Egypt in1992.

Ms Arida has participated in establishing the Arab IGF and presently leads its secretariat. She serves as chair of the Arab gTLDs Project Steering Committee at the League of Arab States. She is founding and board member of the ISOC Egypt Chapter and founding member of AfriNIC.

Ms Arida holds a BSc degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering from Cairo University.

Cristian Aguilar Vice Minister of Communications, Infrastructure and Housing, Guatemala

Cristian Aguilar was appointed as the Vice-Minister in charge of Telecommunications and Transports of Guatemala in January, 2016. Previously, from 2013 to 2015, he worked for the Superintendence of Tax Administration as a Systems Analyst and Project Manager.

Mr Aguilar graduated in Science and Systems Engineering from the University of San Carlos of Guatemala. He also holds a Masters in Business Administration specialising in Strategic Management from the Superior School of Higher Management of the Mesoamerican University.

Damir Hajduk President, Electronic Media Council, Croatia; Chair, European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA)

Damir Hajduk currently chairs the Electronic Media Council, having been appointed by the Croatian Parliament to the position of a Council Member in 2009. Mr Hajduk is also Director of the Agency for Electronic Media and Chair of the European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA).

In the period between 2011 and 2017, for three consecutive mandates, Mr Hajduk acted as Vice-Chair of the European Platform of Regulatory Authorities (EPRA).

In his professional career he has held various senior management positions including a national cable TV start-up project, global news agency Reuters and Croatian Public Service Broadcaster – HRT.

Mr Hajduk holds a masters degree in economics.

Eliza Lee Permanent Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development (Communications and Creative Industries), Government of the Hong Kong; Vice Chairman of the Communications Authority (CA)

Eliza Lee was appointed Permanent Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development (Communications and Creative Industries) of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on 18 August 2017. Her policy responsibilities include telecommunications, broadcasting and creative industries.

In this role, Miss Lee also serves as the Vice Chairman of the Communications Authority (CA), the independent unified regulator for the telecommunications and broadcasting sectors in Hong Kong.

Before taking up her current post, Miss Lee was Director General of Communications. She headed the Office of the Communications Authority, the executive arm of the CA. Miss Lee provided support to the CA in the exercise of its statutory functions covering licensing matters and regulatory affairs relating to telecommunications and broadcasting services, management of radio spectrum, enforcement of the provisions safeguarding fair competition.

Harin Grewal Cluster Director (Networks, Technology & Resilience), Infocomm Media Development Authority, Singapore

Harin Grewal manages a cluster of divisions in IMDA that cover the technical aspects of telecommunications and broadcast regulation, including spectrum management, border coordination, network resilience audits, cybersecurity, interconnection, numbering, regulatory price reviews and telecommunication standards.

Prior to this, Mr Grewal headed the Next Generation Nationwide Broadband Network (“Next Gen NBN”) programme office. During his tenure, his team successfully conceptualised and awarded the Requests for Proposal to appoint the Network Company (“NetCo”) and Operating Company (“OpCo”) of Singapore’s Next Gen NBN. The Next Gen NBN is a globally unique nationwide fibre network, and its open-access model has been designed through a combination of structural and operational separation requirements set out by IMDA.

Mr Grewal is an Electrical Engineer by training and his specialisations are in Wireless Telecommunications and Telecommunications Policy.

Ian Scott Chairperson and CEO, Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC)

Ian Scott has over 25 years of policy and regulatory experience in broadcasting and telecommunications both in the public and private sectors.

After working at the Competition Bureau, he joined the CRTC from 1990 to 1994, where he collaborated on the development of a framework for long-distance telephone service competition in Canada. Between 2007 and 2008, as part of the Executive Interchange Program, he was Senior Policy Advisor to the Chairman at the CRTC.

Before rejoining the CRTC in 2017, Mr Scott held various executive positions in the communications industry, including at Telesat Canada, Telus and Call-Net Enterprises, one of the first companies to offer competition in the Canadian long-distance market. He also provided leadership on broadcasting policy and regulatory issues as an executive at the Canadian Cable Television Association.

Mr Scott has served on various boards, including Women in Communications and Technology and Ski Quebec Alpin, and holds a bachelor’s degree in political science from McGill University.

His term runs until September 4, 2022.


Monsieur Ian Scott possède plus de 25 années d’expérience en matière de politique et de réglementation dans les domaines de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications tant dans le secteur public que le secteur privé.

Après avoir travaillé au Bureau de la concurrence, il a œuvré au CRTC de 1990 à 1994 en collaborant à l’élaboration d’un cadre lié à la concurrence dans la prestation de services téléphoniques interurbains au Canada. De 2007 à 2008, il a occupé le poste de conseiller principal au président du CRTC en matière de politiques dans le cadre du Programme de permutation des cadres.

Avant de revenir au CRTC en 2017, M. Scott a occupé divers postes de direction dans l’industrie des communications, notamment à Télésat Canada, Telus et Call-Net Enterprises, soit l’une des premières entreprises à faire concurrence dans le marché canadien des interurbains. Il a également exercé un leadership à l’égard de questions de politique et de réglementation dans le domaine de la radiodiffusion en tant que cadre à l’Association canadienne de télévision par câble.

Monsieur Scott a été membre de divers conseils d’administration, dont celui de l’Association canadienne des femmes en communications et technologie et de Ski Québec alpin, et est titulaire d’un baccalauréat en sciences politiques de l’Université McGill.

Son mandat prendra fin le 4 septembre 2022.

Jack Hamande Member of the Council, Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications (BIPT)

Jack Hamande joined the Institute in September 2013 as Chairman of the Council until January 2017, when he was nominated as a Member of the Council.

Mr Hamande acquired a great deal of experience in management, previously working for the Walt Disney Group, AT&T, Verizon Business, Cisco and Proximus. His managerial responsibilities increased and broadened over the years, especially as regards strategy, regulation, engineering and business development. In 2009 he changed the course of his career by joining the Belgian federal public sector as Director General for Organisation and Personnel Development at the FPS Personnel & Organisation. There he initiated several programmes applying to the whole of the federal public service in areas such as efficiency, customer orientation, leadership development, performance management, culture, diversity and well-being at work.

Mr Hamande holds a Masters degree in Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences (ULB) and a degree in management.

Jamal Eddine Naji (Dr) Director General, Haute Autorité De La Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA), Morocco

Dr Jamal Eddine Naji is founder of the UNESCO chair in public and community communication in Rabat, member of the Board of UNESCO’s communication chairs network (ORBICOM), and DG of the HACA. He has held these positions during a long career as a university lecturer/ researcher in journalism and communication, strategies of communication; lobbying as regards human development in Morocco, the Maghreb and countries of the African Sahel in the fields of public health, education, professional training, the environment, human rights, governance, institutional communication and services to citizens.

Prof. Naji devised and led these strategies as an expert on a number of UN organisations: WHO, UNESCO, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNAIDS, FAO and other international, Maghreb and African non-governmental and governmental organisations.’

Dr Naji is a founding member and former member of the “Board of the Moroccan Organization of Human Right (OMDH)” (1988-1996) and other NGOs specialised in communication (in Morocco and in North Africa). Author of studies about media and public policy and strategies of international NGOs in the media landscape in Morocco, in North Africa and in the Arab world (Print press, news agency, Public Service Broadcasting, Specialised journalism, Right to information and communication, Social media and community media, ICT and social networks …), communication strategies for sustainable development, with approaches of law and gender (Health, vocational training, environment, education, heritage, women’s and children’s rights in Morocco and the North African countries).

Dr Naji was also General Coordinator of the National Debate ” Media and Society” launched in Parliament on January 28th, 2010, attested in late 2011 by two reports (Diagnosis and roadmap Recommendations) (, establishing what is collectively known today ” Le Livre Blanc des médias au Maroc”.

Dr Naji is the author of specialised books in journalism, communication and human rights including: La liberté de la presse au Maroc: Limites et perspectives (1996.OMDH/Article 19) ; Médias et journalistes: Précis de déontologie (Editions arabe et française. UNESCO 2002-2003) ; Les droits de l’homme dans la presse marocaine (Editions arabe et française. CDIFDH/PNUD/HCNUDH. 2004); Les TIC : de nouvelles opportunités pour les médias au Maghreb (Manuel -CD-pour journalistes, patrons et formateurs. UNESCO 2005; Citoyens et média, Guide pratique pour un dialogue entre citoyens et Media. UNESCO 2006, Le journalisme maghrébin au féminin.UNESCO 2007; Médias et Société Civile dans le monde arabe: Manuel de formation sur les médias communautaires. UNESCO 2008.

Dr Naji graduated with a PhD in Sciences of Information and Communication from the “Université Paris 2-Panthéon”. He also graduated from the “French Institute of Press (Former ISJ)” and “L’Institut Supérieur de l’Information et de la Communication (ISIC)” Rabat, where he was Professor/ researcher (1983-2008 ). He is a former Professor at the UQAM (Montréal.1996/1998), supervising PhD thesis in communication and media.

Jeffrey Paul Morgan Board Member, Utilities Regulation & Competition Authority (URCA), Bahamas

Mr Jeffrey Paul Morgan is a senior regulatory professional having engaged in regulatory practice since 1995, specifically in utility and telecommunications regulation. Prior to that he worked for 24 years at senior management levels in electric and water utility management and operations.

In 2017 Mr Morgan was appointed the first Chief Executive Officer of the Utility Regulation and Competition Office (OfReg) of the Cayman Islands. His term ended in August 2018. He served as a founding Deputy Director General for two three year terms before being appointed as Director General of the Office of Utilities Regulation (OUR), Jamaica and was a key member of the team engaged by the Government of Jamaica to “create” the OUR.

Since 2009 he has been a non-executive director of the Utility Regulation and Competition Authority (URCA) of the Bahamas, serving as the Deputy Chairperson between 2009 and 2017.

He practices as an independent consultant on regulatory policy and related issues in the Energy, Telecommunications and Water Sectors. He has advised clients such as the International Telecommunications Union and advised the Government of the Cayman Islands on regulatory reform issues related to the legal and institutional design for the merger of the existing single sector regulators into a multi sector regulatory organisation. During that tenure in the Cayman Islands he was appointed by the Cabinet as the Chair of National Energy Policy Review Committee.

Mr Morgan served two terms (2006 – 2008) as Chairman of the Commonwealth Telecommunications Organization (CTO); he is a Founding Member and served two terms (2001 -2004) as Vice Chairman of Organization of Caribbean Utility Regulators (OOCUR) and subsequently as Chairman for two terms (2004 – 2006)). He again served as Chairman for one term 2013/2014. He has also served as Co – Vice Chair of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC’s) International Relations Committee and also as 2nd Vice President of OLADE’s “Forum of Supervisory Entities and Regulatory Agencies for Electric Power Activities”.

Mr Morgan, a PURC Senior Fellow, is a graduate of the University of Salford, England, is a Professional Engineer registered in Jamaica, a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology and a Chartered Engineer in the United Kingdom, Fellow of the Jamaica Institution of Engineers and Life Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers of the USA.

Johannes Gungl CEO Telecommunications & Postal Services, Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications

Mr Johannes Gungl was appointed CEO for Telecommunications and Postal Services, at the Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications (RTR), in 2014. Mr Gungl has over 15 years of experience in the Austrian telecommunications industry, working in the field of legal and regulatory affairs for several fixed-line and mobile operators.

Prior to his appointment as CEO of RTR, Mr Gungl served as General Counsel and Head of Legal & Regulatory Affairs for Orange Austria. In this role he was directly involved in the precedent-setting merger of Orange Austria with Hutchison, which was cleared by the European Commission (EC) following a phase II investigation and the Austrian Competition Authority. Between 2006 and 2008 Mr Gungl was General Counsel and Compliance Officer for Competition Law to Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Corporation in Vienna. Before that he worked for the Austrian mobile operator tele.ring as Head of Legal & Regulatory Affairs until the merger with T-Mobile Austria in 2006, which was also cleared by the EC in a phase II review.

Mr Gungl holds a law degree from the University Graz and a post-graduate degree for European Law from the University of Innsbruck.

Juan Manuel Wilches Commissioner, Commission for Communications Regulation, Colombia

Juan Manuel Wilches’s work experience began in Colombia in 2000 as Advisor for the Telecommunications Regulation Commission – CRT where, for a period of almost 7 years, he led and advised several projects on telecommunications regulation, carrying out activities such as the definition of interconnection conditions, termination rates and conflict resolution, as well as performing market analysis, and developing models for fixed and mobile network costing.

In 2010 he was contacted to be part of the team that created the National Spectrum Agency (ANE) in Colombia, joining as Senior Advisor to the Director General. He was subsequently promoted to Deputy Director for Spectrum Management and Planning, a position in which, with his team, he developed the National Spectrum Management Policy adopted in 2012 and the comprehensive spectrum management and planning framework currently in place in Colombia.

His recognized experience in regulation and spectrum management led him to be appointed by the Minister of Information and Communications Technologies as Commissioner in 2013 and Executive Director in 2014 for the Communications Regulation Commission (CRC)

Mr Wilches has represented Colombia in several international meetings such as the ITU-R Study Groups and Working Parties, as well as the World Radiocommunications Conference in 2012. He also has been President of the Spectrum Management Group at the Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (OAS-CITEL).

Mr Wilches has a Bachelors degree in Electronics Engineering from Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Colombia and an MBA from the Schulich School of Business, York University, in Toronto, Canada, where he graduated with honours in 2009. During his stay in Canada, he worked at Kazam Group as a consultant in telecommunications, where he specialised in wireless communications.

Kim Mallalieu (Dr) Deputy Chairman, Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT)

Kim Mallalieu is Deputy Chairman of the Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago, TATT, a Fulbright Fellow and Senior Lecturer in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at The University of the West Indies where she leads the academic, commercial and outreach programmes in Communication Systems.

Dr Mallalieu has previously held the position of Head of Department and led the development of the Master’s in Telecommunications Regulation and Policy, MRP (Telecommunications), coordinating its delivery to participants from over thirty developing countries around the world. She has led many institutional, national and regional initiatives designed to build capacity for ICT-enabled developmental interventions and innovation and was a founding member of Diálogo Regional sobre Sociedad de la Información (DIRSI). As Principal Investigator of the Caribbean ICT Research Programme, she is engaged in multidisciplinary action research revolving around regionally appropriate strategies and technologies in support of development, with an emphasis on longitudinal pathways for equity and inclusion.

Dr Mallalieu holds a BS Electrical Engineering from MIT; MS Optics from the University of Rochester (Institute of Optics) and a PhD in Electronic and Electrical Engineering from University College London. She is a licensed amateur radio operator and the recipient of local, regional and international teaching awards as well as several other awards of distinction.

Madeleine de Cock Buning Chairman of the Board, Commissariaat Voor De Media, the Netherlands

Professor Madeleine de Cock Buning combines her career as a Professor of Media and Communications Law with the Board Membership (chair) of the Regulatory Authority to the Media. She is also part-time Professor at the EUI’s School of Transnational Governance. In this role, she leads work on Digital Politics, Economy and Societies. She has ample experience in the field of EU media law and policy, also in her capacity as Chair of the European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA). In 2018 she was Chair of the European Commission’s High-Level Expert Group (HLEG) on fake news and disinformation, assigned to provide the Commission with options on how to react to the dissemination of fake news both online and offline.

Honorary positions held by Professor de Cock Buning are Honorary Judge of the Court of Appeal The Hague and Chair of the Advisory Committee on Copyright to the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice.

Professor de Cock Buning started her career as an attorney-at-law at leading Dutch law firm De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek.

Michael O’Rielly Commissioner, Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

Michael O’Rielly was nominated for a seat on the Federal Communications Commission by President Barack Obama and was sworn into office in November 2013. In January 2015, he was confirmed and sworn into office for a second term, which extends until June 30, 2019.

Prior to joining the agency, Commissioner O’Rielly spent almost 20 years working in prominent Republican communication policy and leadership positions for the US House of Representatives and the US Senate. Most recently, he served as a policy advisor in the Office of the Senate Republican Whip, led by US Senator John Cornyn (R-TX).

Commissioner O’Rielly has a BA from the University of Rochester.

Nicole Chan Chairperson, National Communications Commission (NCC), Taiwan

Nicole Chan has expertise in the field of Science & Technology Law, Intellectual Property Law, Convergence, Internet & e-Commerce Regulation, Creative Industry Regulation and Management.

Ms Chan has served as Vice President & Director General, Science & Technology Law Institute (STLI), Institute for Information Industry. She also served as Assistant Professor in the Department of Culture & Creative Industries Management, National Taipei University of Education.

R S Sharma (Dr) Chairman, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)

Dr R S Sharma was appointed Chairman, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), on 10 of August 2015. Prior to joining TRAI he was Secretary to the Government of India in the Department of Electronics and Information Technology. He has also worked as Chief Secretary to the State Government of Jharkhand (India). His other assignments include Director General & Mission Director of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) where he was responsible for the overall implementation of the project to provide Unique Identification (christened as “Äadhaar”) for all residents.

Before his posting at UIDAI, Dr Sharma worked with the Government of Jharkhand as Principal Secretary of the Departments of Science and Technology, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Information Technology (IT), Rural Development and Human Resources Development. As Principal Secretary of the IT Department, Dr Sharma was responsible for formulation of State policies in the IT and e-Governance areas and oversaw the implementation of various e-Governance Projects in all the Departments of the State Government. Mr Sharma’s contributions to IT and e-Governance have been widely recognised both within and outside India and he has been responsible for implementing a number of Projects relating to ICT Infrastructure, Process Re-engineering and Service Delivery with Public Private Partnership (PPP) models.

Dr Sharma holds a Masters degree in Mathematics from IIT, Kanpur (India), a Masters in Computer Science from the University of California (USA) and a PhD from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi.

Rainer Schnepfleitner (Dr) Director, Office for Communications (AK), Liechtenstein

Dr Rainer Schnepfleitner currently heads the Office for Communications in Liechtenstein, where he is responsible for the regulatory frameworks of Electronic Communications, Media, Electronic Signature and Post.

Dr Schnepfleitner started his career in telecommunications with the Austrian Regulatory Authority. Later he gained expertise in European antitrust and state aid provisions while working with the European Commission in DG Competition. In 2003 he moved to Swisscom, where he was responsible for fixed and mobile regulatory accounting, before continuing his career as project and product manager where he introduced various mobile navigation solutions. From 2008 to 2018 Dr Schnepfleitner worked for the Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA) in Doha, Qatar, where he was responsible for the regulatory frameworks of Telecommunications, IT, Access to Digital Media and Post.

Dr Schnepfleitner holds a Master of Business Administration and a PhD in Economics from Vienna Economic University. He also holds a post graduate degree in European Competition Law from King’s College in London.

Stephan Netzle (Dr) Former President, Federal Communications Commission (Comcom), Switzerland

Dr Stephan Netzle was a member of the Swiss Federal Telecommunication Commission (ComCom) and was appointed President for ComCom on 1 January 2017 until 2020.

Dr Netzle specialises in telecom and IT law, international sports law, and arbitration. He advised and represented telecom operators in prior spectrum auctions and was an external legal counsel of the leading Swiss cable company.

He is also a listed arbitrator with the ICC. He participated in many commercial arbitration proceedings as a party-appointed arbitrator, sole arbitrator and chairman of panels, in disputes concerning sports but also information technology (IT) and intellectual property. ComCom is currently preparing the allocation of the spectrum for the 5G generation (2018) and assisting in the review of the Swiss Telecom Act.

Dr Netzle is a graduate of the University of Zurich and the University of Virginia School of Law. He is a qualified attorney at law practising in Zurich and Lausanne. He is a lecturer for International Arbitration at the University of Zurich.

Steohen Unger IIC UK Chapter Head
Stephen Unger (Dr) Senior Advisor, Flint Global, UK; Director, International Institute of Communications

Dr Stephen Unger was until recently a Board member of Ofcom, the UK regulator responsible for digital communications. He had various responsibilities, including setting regulatory strategy for the UK, representing the UK internationally, and leading Ofcom’s technology programme. For a period he was Acting Chief Executive.

Before becoming a regulator Dr Unger spent several years in the private sector. He worked for a variety of high-tech start-ups who were developing and exploiting new wireless technologies.

Dr Unger’s current focus, working as a non-executive board member, consultant, and academic, is on the practical implications of disruptive technology change. He is a member of the IIC Board, and heads its UK chapter.

For more background see Dr Unger can be contacted at

Suzy Sierra Ruiz Member of the Board for Civil Society, National Television Authority of Colombia (ANTV)

Suzy Sierra Ruiz has been the representative of the civil society at the National Television Authority since December, 2016.

With more than 15 years of experience in the Colombian public sector. Mrs Sierra has also held the position of Chief of the Information in the Ministry of Justice, and she also held several positions of Directive level in the Ministry of Information Technology and Communications. She also held the position of Director of International Legal Affairs and Head of the Legal Advisory Office at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Mrs Sierra is an attorney and law graduate from the Sergio Arboleda University, specialist in Commercial and Financial Law and in Marketing strategy. She also holds a Master’s degree in International Law at the University of Amsterdam and in Business Administration at the University of Viña del Mar.

Currently, Mrs Sierra is working on the policy of gender equity and citizenship in the audiovisual sector as her major interest.

Sébastien Soriano Chairman, Autorité De Régulation Des Communications Électroniques Et Des Postes (ARCEP), France

Sébastien Soriano was apointed the Chairman of Arcep (the French telecom regulator) in 2015.

He was the BEREC Chair 2017 (the European telecom body) and was the BEREC Vice-Chair in 2016 and 2018.  In 2019, he was Chair of Fratel, the network of French-speaking telecommunications regulators.

Mr Soriano has spent most of his career in digital policies, competition and telecoms regulation areas. He started his career at the French Competition Authority, as a case handler (2001-2004) and then as Deputy General Rapporteur (2009 and 2012). Between 2004 and 2009, he held various positions at Arcep.

From 2012 -2014, he was Chief of Staff of Mrs. Fleur Pellerin, French Minister for SMEs, Innovation and Communication. Prior to his appointment as Chairman of Arcep, he was Special Advisor to the French Minister for Culture and Communication.

Sébastien Soriano has published several papers on the challenges of regulators and law makers in the digital era. He also teaches regulation and digital economy in the Master’s programme in Public Policy at SciencesPo. He is also member of the board of directors of the Centre on Regulation in Europe (CERRE).

Tshoganetso Kepaletswe Acting Chief Executive, Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA)

Tshoganetso Kepaletswe is currently the Acting Chief Executive of Botswana Communication Regulatory Authority. Previously he was the Deputy Chief Executive – Regulatory Affairs responsible for the technical and economic regulation at the Authority. He has extensive knowledge and experience on telecommunication and broadcasting regulation. He is one of the founding staff members of Botswana Telecommunications Authority, where he has been involved for the past twenty years. Mr Kepaletswe has represented Botswana and actively participated at the ITU World Radiocommunication Conferences (WRC’s), Regional Radiocommunication Conference (RRC) and World Conference on International Telecommunication (WCIT). In addition, he also served as National Broadcasting Board Member for a period of three years.

Mr Kepaletswe graduated with a BEng Telecommunication Systems Management and Design from Anglia Polytechnic University & Cable and Wireless College, United Kingdom and MSc Telecommunication and Information Systems from University of Essex, United Kingdom. He is a Registered Professional Engineer with Botswana Engineers Registration Board (ERB) and a Member of the Botswana Institution of Engineers (MBIE), Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineer (MIEEE)

Umar Garba Danbatta (Professor) Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer, Nigerian Communications Commission

Professor Umar Garba Danbatta is Executive Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), the Agency charged with the responsibility of regulating telecommunications in Nigeria. He was the Vice President of the Digital Bridge Institute (DBI), International Centre for Advance Communications Studies, established in 2004 by the NCCto build capacity for the Nigerian/Africa telecom industry in information and communications technology. While at DBI he developed expertise in the following major areas of ICT: implementation, policy and regulation.

Professor Danbatta served as a lecturer in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technology of Bayero University Kano for 28 years, where he taught courses in telecommunications engineering and electronics and held academic positions of Dean of the Faculty and Head of Department at different times. He was also a member of over 60 University committees and task forces, including numerous stints as Chairman. In administrative and other responsibilities outside the university, he has served on over 20 committees, prominent among which was his Chairmanship of the Implementation Committee on Kano State University of Science & Technology, after which he became its pioneer Deputy and Acting Vice-Chancellor when it took off in 2001.

Professor Danbatta has to his credit more than 50 articles in journals, conference proceedings and technical reports. He is also the author of a book entitled ‘Elements of Static Engineering Electromagnetics’. A recipient of 18 distinguished awards and certificates of honour, Professor Danbatta has served two terms as a Member of Council of the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN), and is also a COREN Registered Engineer and a Fellow of the Nigerian Society of Engineers. (NSE).

Prof Danbatta obtained his BEng, MSc degrees from the technical University of Wroclaw in Poland and his PhD from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) UK respectively.

Monday 9 October 2017

08:15 Registration & Welcome

08:15 Registration and coffee

08:45 Welcome remarks:
Michel Van Bellinghen, Chairman of the Council, Belgian Institute for Postal Services and
Telecommunications (BIPT)

09:00 The Regulatory Snapshot

Chris Chapman, President, IIC

Alee Fa’amoe, Deputy CEO & Executive Director ICT, OfReg, Cayman Islands
Damir Hajduk, President, Electronic Media Council, Croatia; Vice-Chair, European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA)
Stephan Netzle (Dr), President, Federal Communications Commission (ComCom), Switzerland
Tshoganetso Kepaletswe, Acting Chief Executive, Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA)
Rainer Schnepfleitner (Dr), Head, Regulation Affairs and Competition, Communications Regulatory Authority of Qatar (CRA)

10:00 Session 1: Regulation of OTT and Apps: The Need for a Global Solution?
  • Necessary for a digital economy?
  • Commoditising the value chain: who benefits and who loses out?
  • Need for infrastructure: creating two tier regulation?
  • Where is SMP in the new digital environment?: The challenges of measurement
  • Dynamic pricing and the regulator’s role

Jack Hamande, Council Member, Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications (BIPT)

Mag. Johannes Gungl, CEO Telecommunications and Postal Services, Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications (RTR)
Dr Kim Mallalieu, Deputy Chairman, Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago
Suzy Sierra Ruiz, Board Member of the National Television Board, Agencia Nacional Estatal de Colombia (ANTV)

11:30 Break

11:45 Session 2: Building Trust in the Evolving Digital Ecosystem
  • Content and information: fake news vs misinformation
  • Importance of transparency and measures to be used
  • Privacy and security
  • Quality of service issues

Moderator and Interlocutor:
Professor Antonio Nicita, Commissioner, Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni (AGCOM), Italy

R S Sharma, Chairman, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
Adriana Labardini, Commissioner, Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones – IFT, Mexico
Dan Sjöblom, Director General, Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (PTS)

13:15 Lunch

14:00 Session 3: Rethinking Regulation
  • The reality of independent regulation: Operational independence or policy making?
  • Does single (or dual) sector regulation make sense in a fast changing digital environment?
  • Institutional design and cross sector collaboration: what are the hurdles?
  • Legal infrastructure and legacy regulation
  • Training and skills

Axel Desmedt, Council Member, Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications (BIPT)

Eliza Lee, Permanent Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development (Communications and Creative Industries), Government of the Hong Kong; Vice Chairman of the Communications Authority (CA)
Professor Anthony Clayton, Chairman, Broadcasting Commission Jamaica
Sébastien Soriano, Chairman, Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes (ARCEP), France; BEREC Chair 2017
Christine Arida, Executive Director, Telecom Planning and Services, National Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (NTRA), Egypt

15:30 Break

15:45 Session 4: Diversity of Media in 'an Age of Abundance'
  • Copyright and piracy
  • Cord cutting devices – what can be the regulatory response?
  • The new monopolies? Where does SMP now lie?

Professor Jamal Eddine Naji, Director General, Haute Autorité de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA), Morocco

Nicole Chan, Chairperson, National Communications Commission (NCC), Taiwan
Prof. Dr. Madeleine de Cock Buning, Chair of The Board, Commissariaat Voor de Media, The Netherlands; Chair, The European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA)
Botlenyana Mokhele, Councillor, Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA)

17:15 Close of day 1

19:00 Dinner: kindly hosted by the BIPT (pre-booking required)

Tuesday 10 October 2017

09:15 Session 5: Moving to Dynamic Regulation: Enabling the Digital Economy
  • Can you achieve media policy objectives through telecoms policy?
  • Commoditising the value chain: apps and networks: using personal data
  • Competition: a return to the ex ante/ex post debate?
  • Key regulatory interventions
    1) Access
    2) Connectivity
    3) Skillsets
  • Transparency and KPIs for the regulator

Tshoganetso Kepaletswe, Acting Chief Executive, Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA)

María Ortiz, Member of the Board, National Authority for Competition and Markets (CNMC), Spain
Umar Garba Danbatta (Professor), Executive Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Nigerian Communications Commission
Juan Manuel Wilches, Commissioner, Comisión de Regulación de Comunicaciones (CRC), Colombia
Michael O’Rielly, Commissioner, Federal Communications Commission (FCC), USA

10:45 Break

11:00 Session 6: Connectivity: Closing the Digital Exclusion Gap
  • The reality of ubiquitous coverage
  • Wireline and wireless
  • Utilisation of spectrum to enhance connectivity (white spaces; 5G)
  • The regulator’s role in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals
  • Universal service funds –good practice models
  • Back to last mile issues?

JP Morgan, Chief Executive Officer, OfReg, Cayman Islands

Dr Steve Unger, Chief Technology Officer and Group Director for Strategy, International, Technology and Economics & Board Member, Ofcom, UK
Harin Grewal, Cluster Director (Resource & Interconnection Management), Infocomm Media Development Authority, Singapore
Ian Scott, Chairman, Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission

12:30 Close of IRF and lunch

13:30 Workshop on Connected Policies and Smart Cars

18:00-20:00 Opening Drinks Reception at The Egmont Palace

Download the agenda (PDF)
Event details
9th - 10th October 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Place du Petit Sablon 8
1000 Bruxelles

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