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By Howard Symons and Paul Milgrom

Consumer demand for wireless communications has exploded, and mobile data usage continues to grow exponentially. Nations and carriers face a major challenge to ensure that the speed, capacity and accessibility of wireless networks keep pace with these demands in the years ahead. Meeting this challenge requires creative solutions for making more spectrum available for mobile broadband through the reallocation of frequencies, spectrum sharing and the authorisation of new secondary uses on bands that are otherwise underutilised for their primary purpose. One such solution is the use of the two-sided “incentive” auction, which uses market mechanisms to identify supply as well as demand. The US successfully used such an auction to repurpose 84 MHz of spectrum from television broadcasting to mobile broadband, which concluded in April 2017. In addition to reallocating a substantial amount of spectrum, the auction produced a surplus of nearly $7 billion, which will be contributed to the US Treasury.
This article discusses the US incentive auction, the challenges related to participation and auction design, and the relevance and applicability of two-sided spectrum auctions outside the US.


The dust has settled on the world’s first auction that incentivised broadcasters to relinquish spectrum for wireless use. HOWARD SYMONS and PAUL MILGROM, who were part of the auction team, reflect on the process and the implications.

Intermedia Issue:
Vol 45, Issue 04
Issue Date:
December 2017
Infrastructure and Spectrum: 5G and next generation networks
Howard J Symons Howard J Symons Partner, Jenner & Block LLP Paul R Milgrom (Prof) Paul R Milgrom (Prof) Professor of Economics, Stanford University; Co-founder and Chairman, Auctionomics

Vol 45, Issue 04 Features

EDITORIAL 13.12.2017 Marc Beishon
MEETING IN THE HEART OF EUROPE 13.12.2017 Marc Beishon
GOING FOR AN ASIA-PACIFIC AGENDA 13.12.2017 Mari Pangestu Peter Lovelock (Dr)
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